Optional immunizations, unlike recommended immunizations, are not free and charges may differ depending on the hospital or clinic.
Both BCG and Japanese encephalitis are Asia specific immunizations, and are not required in many western countries. Parents should be aware that children who receive BCG immunization may test positive for TB due to antibodies for a number of years after immunization.
Name of immunization
|Routine Immunizations (teiki yobou sesshu)|
|DPT-IPV (diptheria pertussis tetanus & inactivated polio vaccine||4||3 months|
|BCG||1||From birth||Usually taken between 5 and 8 months|
|MR (Measles/Rubella)||2||1 year|
|Chicken pox||2||1 year|
|Japanese encephalitis||4||6 months||Usual course begins at age 3|
|HPV||3||11 (Grade 1 of Jr. High School)|
|Hepatitis B (from October 2016)||3||From birth||Usual course begins at 2 months|
|Optional Immunizations (nin’i yobou sesshu)|
|Rotavirus||2 or 3||2 months|
|Mumps||2||1 year||Can be taken together with MR and Chicken Pox|
|Influenza||1/year||6 months||Recommended to be taken annually in autumn|
|Hepatitis A||3||1 year|
It is recommended to compare the immunization requirements and schedule in your home country and in Japan, and decide which immunization to receive and when.